This study has aimed hypothesizing the presence of an unbalance between the TLR1 and TLR2 expressions associated to high bacillary loading and IL-10 expression in leprosy reactions, which, consequently, are favorable to survival of bacillus and the occurrence of these events.
Materials and Methods: All the case diagnosed as leprosy were evaluated by Fite Faraco special stain and reported for bacilloscopy index according to reference guideline as below.
Result: Out of 62 cases suspicious for clinically diagnosed leprosy, maximum number of cases were observed in the age group of 31 to 40 years (40%). Among various anatomical site for cutaneous presentation of leprosy in maximum number of cases, the lesions were observed in upper extremity.
Conclusion: Bacteriological examination and bacilloscopy index add onto the morphological diagnosis and helps to categorise multibacillary and pauci bacillary leprosy. We recommend it to avoid false over and under diagnosis of leprosy cases.