Background: With this study we wanted to describe dermoscopic features in a variety of hyperpigmented lesions on face in Indian skin type with the help of Dino Capture 2.0 handheld dermoscope.
Materials and Methods: An observational analytical study was conducted on 150 clinically diagnosed patients of macular facial hyper-pigmented skin lesions attending the out-patient department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy of Chhatrapati Shivaji Subharti Hospital, Meerut, for 18 months after approval by the university. This study was a prospective comparative study done in both sexes, age group >18 years of clinically diagnosed macular facial hyper-pigmented skin lesions among 150 clinically diagnosed subjects.
Results: In our study, mean age of the patients was 31.19±11.10 years with minimum age of 18 years and maximum 74 years. In our study, more than two third of the patients (72.0%) were females, while 28.0% were males. Males to females ratio was 7:18. The most common dermoscopic pattern in melasma were incomplete reticular pigmentation (46.5%) and telangiectasia (29.8%) followed by complete reticular pattern (18.4%), granular pattern (14.9%), and non-specific features (14.0%).
Conclusion: Dermoscopy is useful in diagnosis, prognosis, and follow up of disorders of hyperpigmentation. With regular practice and attention to detail towards dermoscopic findings, it can be a useful tool in dermatology practice in general and for disorders of hyperpigmentation