Contact dermatitis is a skin reaction to physical, chemical and biological substances that are very prevalent in the environment in particular at work.
Objective: To evaluate ACD patients' quality of life and to study their work productivity effects of this disorder.
Methods: The patient's comprehensive history including age, sex, occupation type, duration of current employment, duration of existing dermatitis and distribution of skin injuries. History was asked concerning the use of protective apparel, hobbies, correlation with the use of various products such as medications, topical soap, jewellery and history of pre-treatment. Dermatological or systemic illness related if any. For the quality assessment of ACD patients, we have used the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). It is a 10-point instrument that measures the effect of skin disease on a person's quality of life.
Results: Male dominance was seen with 66% and females were 34%. The maximum patients belonged to the age group of 30 to 40 yrs with 32%. In work related consequences due to contact dermatitis, 17% of the cases were transferred, 9% of the cases had decline in income, In 7% of the cases, work loss was seen. In 2% Change of company was done in only 2%. Hand Eczema was seen in 60% of the cases. Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score band. In Majority of the patients in 51% it had very large effect on patient's life. Extremely large effect on patient's life was seen in 22% of the patients. The mean DLQI score was 20.20 and standard deviation was 5.40 and P-value was 0.005 which was significant.
Conclusion: The issue of allergic contact dermatitis is also a contentious issue since the social, socio-professional and familial consequences of this disease are prevalent with a severe impairment. It impacts the quality of life and work of patients, something all occupational practitioners and dermatologists should consider.