Alopecia areata is a common, clinically heterogenous, immune-mediated, non-scarring hair loss disorder. The present study was conducted to assess Alopecia areata (AA) cases in known population.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 162 patients of both genders. The site was selected and lesion was observed through the dermoscope. The photographs of the lesion were taken and recorded. Grading was done to evaluate extent of scalp hair loss, body hair loss and nail involvement.
Results: Out of 162 patients, males were 92 and females were 70. Pattern was patchy seen in 142, Sub totalis in 14 and ophiasis pattern in 6 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Long ridges were seen in 96, pitting in 32, Beau’s lines in 20, Onychorrhexis in 6, Onychodystrophy in 6, Trachyonychia in 2 and other pattern in 2 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). YD was seen in 78, TH in 45, BH in 13, BD in 15 and SVH in 11 patients.
Conclusion: Alopecia areata is a common disease affecting hairs and nails. Most common pattern was patchy. Most common nail findings were long ridges.