Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by relative or absolute insulin deficiency. The present study was conducted to assess skin changes in diabetes mellitus patients.
Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 148 patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus of both genders. Diabetes was diagnosed based on symptom of DM and random plasma glucose ≥200 mg/dl or fasting blood sugar (8 hours) ≥126 mg/dl or 2 hours plasma glucose (75 mg) ≥200 mg/dl during an oral glucose tolerance test. A careful clinical examination was performed and skin lesions were also recorded.
Results: Out of 148 patients, males were 78 and females were 70. Patients had dermopathy in 12, diabetic foot in 20, pruritis in 34, vitiligo in 15, lichen planus in 17, psoriasis in 6 and maculopapular rash in 39. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Common skin lesions in patients with diabetes mellitus were dermopathy, diabetic foot, pruritis, vitiligo, lichen planus, psoriasis and maculopapular rash.